Amendment 4


Amendment 4

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Important Case Law

Muehler v. Mena

The Court clarified that with a warrant, police have the right to detain you from your own premises.

Weeks v. United States

The Supreme Court ruled that a warrantless seizure of items from a private residence is classified as a violation of the Fourth Amendment.

Safford Unified School District v. Redding

The Court found that the Fourth Amendment extends to strip searching students suspected of drug ownership, for it violates ones right to feel secure in their own person.

Additional Important Cases