Amendment 6

constitution

Amendment 5

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Important Case Law

Cunningham v. California, 2006

The Court ruled and clarified that the California’s Determinate Sentencing Law cannot permit a judge to add jail time based on facts that weren’t brought up in court, because it violates the Sixth Amendment.

Smith v. Illinois, 1968

The Court held that the police is not allowed to “hide” a witness for their own secretive purposes

Additional Important Cases