Amendment 9


Amendment 9

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Important Case Law

Eisenstadt v. Baird

The Court held that the law’s distinction between single and married individuals vioalted the “rational basis test” of the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.

Roth v. United States

The Supreme Court held that prohibition of obscene items through mail did not infringe on one’s First Amendment right of expression.

Bowers v. Hardwick

The Court held that there is no constitutional law protecting any form of sodomy.

Additional Important Cases